Gum disease is a serious condition that can lead to the loss of teeth. It’s easy to prevent gum disease, so brush and floss your teeth regularly, see your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings, and try to avoid risk factors like smoking and diabetes.
- Brush twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, paying special attention to the gum line. Brushing twice a day with a soft toothbrush can help remove plaque from your teeth. Use a fluoride-containing toothpaste and brush the outer surfaces of your teeth and the chewing surfaces between the teeth.
- Get regular checkups from your dentist. Your dentist can tell whether you’re developing any signs of gum disease by examining your gums during an exam, then taking x-rays or pictures if he or she suspects problems in specific areas of the mouth.
- Flossing daily helps remove plaque from between teeth, where your toothbrush can’t reach. Floss at least once a day in the evening before going to bed. If it’s difficult for you to floss daily, try using floss picks or an interdental cleaner instead of traditional dental floss.
- Eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products and lean meats. Avoid sugary foods such as candy bars and soda pop because they can contribute to tooth decay (cavities).
If you’re experiencing bleeding while brushing or fluffing, this may be a sign of gum disease. The bleeding could also be caused by factors other than gum disease, including food impaction or sensitivity; however, if you experience bleeding on a regular basis, contact a dentAL office for an examination and cleaning appointment.
There are many different types of gum disease, which is why it’s important to know what you’re dealing with.
Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease that can cause bone loss and tooth loss if left untreated.
Gingivitis is a milder form of gum disease that causes inflammation, redness, and swelling of the gums. It can be reversed by improving your oral hygiene.
Your dentist will help you determine which type of gum disease you have and will recommend treatment options based on your specific needs.